ANGLOHONE CONFLICT: KEY FIVE BIGGEST THREATS TO THE AMBAZONIAN STRUGGLE IN 2019
This has been a remarkably violent year for Cameroonians, and a devastating one for secessionist Anglophones– and many of the worst threats to secessionists movement in the next year will be no less a problem than they were in 2018. Here, in no particular order, are some of the biggest risks the Anglophone crisis will face in 2019.
Crimes and Accountability
A Human Rights report released this year insisted that secessionist forces in South West and North of Cameroon systematically murdered, mutilated, and raped civilians as [p]art of their offensive against government forces and civilians who worked with government forces.
In another report, the Human Rights Watch documented how entire families were held hostage, adults and youths had their body parts hacked off, and girls and young women were taken to rebel bases and sexually abused. Government forces also carried out serious abuses, to even greater extent, but crimes against Anglophones by Anglophones will be a bigger problem for 2019.
The widespread use of detention for ransom, and unaccountable disappearance of those who refuse to pay these ransoms will erode popular trust and optimism in the conflict of not properly addressed.
However, 2019 we will have an even bigger focus on accountability for alleged misuse of donors’ funds, accountability related to crimes and the organizations exploring innovative avenues for pursuing justice. Dozens of supporters and donors will expect the Interim Government (IG) and the ADF to open their books on how donor’s funds were used, and misused. Dozens of others want justice related to loved ones killed by the secessionist movement. The problem of crimes and accountability is likely to shape how the movement address other key problems such as dissent, legal persecution abroad, reconciliation, and trust.
International Legal Persecution
2018 saw the emergence of two law suits, reported by National Times, and other social media users related to the secessionists leaders in the U.S. and Europe, which has threatened and seems to override concerns about the ongoing conflict.
Chief among them is the lawsuit by Emmanuel Nsahlai in in the U.S. against the Ambazonian Defense Force (ADF) Tapang Ivo. National Times has seen records of U.S. preparing to impose even more sanctions on both the secessionists and government officials. We cannot override that the U.S. government and some European countries such as Belgium, the UK, and France will introduce their own lawsuits against some “Amba” leaders as these countries search for pathways to resolve the growing humanitarian and likely refugee crisis.